The symptoms of asthma can vary in severity, with some people experiencing only mild symptoms infrequently and others experiencing life-threatening asthma attacks on a regular basis. If you have asthma, you may notice:
Most people with asthma have more severe symptoms while they’re sick with a cold or the flu.
Asthma symptoms occur when your airways swell and start producing extra mucus. Scientists don’t know why some people develop this condition and others don’t, but they believe it’s a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Most people with asthma experience more symptoms when they encounter certain triggers. Some of the most common asthma triggers include:
To diagnose asthma, the doctor begins by performing a thorough physical exam and reviewing your medical history. The doctor may also perform spirometry and peak flow tests to evaluate your breathing. In addition, the doctor asks questions about the symptoms you experience, as well as the different triggers that make symptoms appear or get worse.
Asthma usually responds well to the right treatment. If you have asthma, The Medical Clinic may prescribe a maintenance medication, such as an inhaled corticosteroid, to keep your symptoms under control on a long-term basis. You may also receive a prescription for a rescue medication you can use to improve symptoms during an asthma attack.
Asthma symptoms can fluctuate over time. To control these symptoms effectively, the doctor will help you create an asthma action plan. This plan gives you instructions for adjusting the dosages of medication you take based on your symptoms. It also lists your triggers so you can try to avoid them.
If your asthma symptoms begin to worsen and your current medications aren’t able to control them, you should make another appointment with The Medical Clinic to discuss making changes.
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