Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin to keep your blood sugar at a safe level. Type 1 diabetes usually appears in childhood and continues throughout your life. The condition develops after your body’s immune system begins attacking the cells in your pancreas that are responsible for making insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition that affects your body’s ability to metabolize sugar. It happens when your body either stops producing enough insulin or becomes resistant to the effects of insulin. It usually develops during adulthood. Scientists don’t know exactly what causes type 2 diabetes, but they believe it’s a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes cause similar symptoms. Some of the symptoms of these conditions may include:
Dr. Ameerally diagnoses both types of diabetes by evaluating your blood sugar levels. The most common test he uses is the glycated hemoglobin, or A1C, test. This test measures your average blood sugar level over the previous three months. Dr. Ameerally continues to administer this test regularly after diagnosing you with diabetes to monitor your condition and evaluate the effectiveness of treatment.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to take insulin every day to regulate your blood sugar levels. You’ll also need to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, and you’ll need to monitor the amount of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats you eat.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you may or may not need insulin therapy or medication. You should also monitor your blood sugar.
Patients with either type of diabetes benefit from healthy eating and regular exercise.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to serious complications, including:
Treating diabetes effectively reduces the risk of these complications.
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